Robotics Artificial Intelligence is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots and computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. These technologies deal with automated machines that can take the place of humans in dangerous environments or manufacturing processes, or resemble humans in appearance, behavior, and/or cognition.
Many of today's robots are inspired by nature, especially in the field of biomimetics. The term "robot" was first used to denote artificial humans in Czech writer Karel Čapek's play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), which was published in 1920. The word "robot" comes from the Slavic word robota indeed, meaning "forced labor".
The field of robotics may be divided into three main categories: industrial, service, and personal. Industrial robotics deals with the design and deployment of robots in manufacturing and other industrial processes. Service robotics includes robots designed for non-industrial tasks, such as personal assistance, cleaning, and maintenance. Personal robotics deals with robots designed for personal use, such as entertainment and hobby robots.
The history of robotics is often traced back to the Greek myth of Pygmalion, in which a sculptor falls in love with a statue he has created. In the play, written by George Bernard Shaw, the statue is brought to life by the goddess Aphrodite. This story has been cited as an early example of the power of robots to inspire human emotions.
The first robot in recorded history was created by the Greek mathematician Archytas of Tarentum in the 4th century BC. Archytas' robot was a mechanical bird that was propelled by steam.
The first industrial robot was developed by George Devol in 1954. Devol's robot, called UNIMATE, was installed at a General Motors factory in 1961. UNIMATE was able to weld, lift, and stack auto parts.
Today, robots are used in a variety of industries, including automotive, aerospace, electronics, food and beverage, and pharmaceuticals. They are also used in military applications, such as bomb disposal and search and rescue.
Robots are increasingly being used in personal applications, such as vacuum cleaners, lawnmowers, and pool cleaners. In the future, robots will likely play an even greater role in our lives, as they are increasingly able to perform more complex tasks and interact more effectively with humans.